essay about authorbibliographyartist's influences
1915 - 1945
Ex Yugoslavia

Boško Tokin (1894, Čakovo –1953, Belgrade) is one of the co-authors of the Manifesto of Zenitism, a participant in early avant-garde circles, the first film critic in Slovenia and the author of the first modern novel.

Tokin graduated from the high school in Timisoara in 1912, where the writer Miloš Crnjanski was also at that time. During his early stays in Zemun, he hung out with Sava Šumanović, Nikola Krstić and Slavko Vorkapić. In the later interwar period, he stayed in Belgrade, where he hung out with Tin Ujević and Stanislav Vinaver.

He collaborated with several French newspapers and began his journalistic career in the Piedmont newspaper in 1914. He was a volunteer in the First World War and was quickly appointed to the journalism section. He came to France in 1916 and began studying aesthetics and art history at the Sorbonne, and there he saw Charlie Chaplin films.

He published his first film criticism in the Serbian language in 1920 in the magazine Progres. Together with Ljubomir Micić and Ivan Goll, at the beginning of 1921, he published the Manifesto of Zenitism and became one of the Zenit magazine editors. He translated the works of Crnjanski and Krleža into French, writes poems, short stories, theatre and film reviews.

He wrote the screenplay for the first film comedy Budi Bog s nama, but it was never realised. In 1925, he started the first film weekly titled Film in Zagreb, preceded by his founding of the Filmphile Club in 1924. He tried to shoot the comedy Kačaci u Topčideru with Dragan Aleksić, but the project was not realised.

He published the History of Contemporary Art in 14 sequels in the magazine Vreme. During World War II, Tokin was a contributor to Kolo magazine, for which he was later convicted and sent to prison for three years. After his release, he again devoted himself to writing and journalism and published the Film Lexicon (1953) with Vlade Lukić.

The novel Terazije, considered the first Serbian modern novel, was published in 1932. The novel was then regarded as scandalous as it included topics such as homosexuality, addiction and promiscuity, and spoke of Belgrade in the post-war years.